Included into the standard equipment of the diesel engine are the following items: an engine in assembled conditions with all the accessories and lines mounted thereon; assorted spares in a separate box according to a list supplied therewith; assorted tools and fixtures for disassembling, reassembling and servicing the engine packed in a separate box according to a list supplied therewith; instruments and other items included into the standard equipment and furnished according to a list placed into the shipping box; technical papers used in operating the engine.
Uncrate the engine. Warm up the K-17 rust preventer to between -10 and 60° С and fill the engine sump therewith level with the filling neck and also fill the fuel injection pump housing and the governor with the same preventer level with the filling holes. Connect the engine fuel system to a tank containing the K-17 rust preventer warmed up to between 40 and 60° С and fill the system with the rust preventer, using the handpriming pump. Set the fuel injection pump rack into the position of maximum delivery and crank over the engine for a period between 3 and 5 min. at a rale of 15 to 30 rpm. Fill the space working wherein are the fuel injection pump springs with the K-17 rust preventer, using a tube or through the drain hole; drain the rust preventer. Fill the water pumps with the K-17 rust preventer and drain the pumps. Apply the K-17 rust preventer to the flywheel gear ring and starter motor pinion. Pour some 40 to 50 g of the K-17 rust preventer into each of the cylinders. Drain the engine sump, fuel injection pump housing, governor and oil filters of the rust preventer and return all the drain plugs into their places. Apply blanking off plugs to the outlet of the exhaust manifold, to the tachometer drive hole, to the fuel and water lines and unions. Rust-proof the outside surface of the engine and its auxiliaries.
Remove file cover from the box and check all the items for presence according to the Packing List. Remove all items of the standard equipment from the shipping box (boxes with spares, tools etc.). Remove the side walls of the box and the cover (if one was provided for) and check the engine for the condition of the rustpreventing coaling. Sandpaper and repaint the places which have corroded. Unbolt the engine from the bottom of the box. Lift the engine jerkless and with care.
The engine can be shipped being rust-proofed and strongly crated complete with all its standard equipment by rail, ship and road. The crated engine must be handled in the course of shipping with care, avoiding jolts and observing all the precautionary signs stencilled on the box such as “This Side Up”, “Do Not Tilt”, etc. If a need arises to ship the engine after a period in service, proceed as follows: rust-proof and crate the engine, spares, tools and fixtures; use for crating the engine a wooden box which safeguards the engine against the ingress of water being lined at the bottom, sides and top with watertight paper (parched paper, tar paper, roof-sheeting material); provide timber blocks at the bottom of the box whereon the engine lugs can rest so that the sump is clear of the bottom; bolt the engine to the bottom of the box in a secure way; put the storage battery, the envelope containing the technical papers and the box with the spares, tools and fixtures into the box placed wherein is the engine and secure these additional items in place by braces so as to prevent them from displacement in handling the crated engine; put the storage battery on the bottom of the box and never place any other item on top of the storage battery; for better protection against the ingress of moisture, put the engine into a plastic film bag; close the box with the cover and apply a seal thereto; stencil the addresses and all those precautionary signs referred to above: the stencils must he weatherproof and nonabrading; if the engine is shipped by sea, it must be crated into an extra strong box. If the shipping distance is a short one, the engine needs no crating; place the engine lugs on the timber blocks of a pallet, bolt to the blocks and put under a cover.
When the engine is shut down for a period not longer than 10 days, keep the engine in clean condition and always ready for starting. If the down period is longer that 10 days but not over 3 months, drain the cooling system of water; wipe the engine clean of sludge; change the oil in the sump, fuel injection pump housing and governor; slacken the generator belt tension; pour some 50 to 60 g of dehydrated crankcase oil into each of the cylinders and crank over the engine through a few revolutions; pour another 50 to 60 g of dehydrated oil into each cylinder after the cranking; lubricate the valve stems and all the outside nonpainted metal parts of the engine. Preparatory to starting the engine after a down period, remove the coat of lubricant from the outside surfaces of the engine, crank over same by hand a few times and adjust the generator drive belt for tension. If the down period exceeds 3 months, rust-proof the engine.
Materials used for rust-proofing The materials used in the course of preparing for rust-proofing and for the rust-proofing proper of the engine, spares, tools and fixtures are as follows: grade K-17 rust preventer to GOST 10877—64; rust preventers of foreign make such as Shell Ensis Oil 210, 401, 402; Ensis Engine Oil 30 (Great Britain); grade Б-70 aircraft benzine to GOST 1012—72; grade БП5 and БП6 paraffined paper to GOST 9569—65; grade A subparchment paper to GOST 1760—68; wiping cloths; ground talc to GOST 379—69; white spirit to GOST 3134—52; natural fibre cord to GOST 17308—71; cotton gloves to GOST 5007—63. Thoroughly stir the K-17 rust preventer for 3 to 5 min. before applying same, using a wooden stirrer. Warm up the rust preventer to anywhere up to 40° С if its temperature is under 15° C. Apply the rust preventer with a brush, pad or by dipping, and allow surplus preventer to drip. Rust-proof the cylinder bores and the components of the fuel system using clean K-17 rust preventer filtered through three layers of gauze. The rinsing of the K-17 rust preventer for rustproofing the engine from the inside and outside is allowed not more than once provided: the viscosity of the rust preventer is not under 11 cS at 100° C; the sediment content of the rust preventer is not over 0.2%. Use only that rust preventer the quality whereof has been certified by a laboratory. Preparing for rust-proofing Preparatory to rust-proofing the engine and its auxiliaries, remove from the surface all those contaminations which are likely to impair the quality of rust-proofing. The surface is regarded as fit for rust-proofing if it meets the following requirements: freedom from contaminations visibly by the naked eye; intactness of all painted and lacquered surfaces. Typical surface defects are as follows: steel and cast iron surfaces, reddish-brown coating of rust or isolated dark spots and dots; oxide or phosphate-coated steel surfaces, reddish-brown coating of rust or spots of a colour hardly discernible from the colour of the surface; copper parts, green or dark coaling and isolated dark spots and dots; components in aluminium and magnesium alloys, spotted or continuous coating of grayish-white color, pits filled with products of corrosion; zinc and cadmium-coated surfaces, spots in white, gray and black or white powderlike coating. The preparation of the surface of the engine, spares, fools and fixtures for rust-proofing commonly includes the following operations: degreasing and derusting; wiping with a clean benzine-soaked...
The procedure of removing the coal of rust preventer from the engine which is to be installed and put into service is as follows: Uncrate the engine. Remove the blanking off plates and plugs from the engine and its auxiliaries and unwrap the wrapped parts. Remove the coal of rust preventer from the outside surface of the engine, using fuel oil-soaked cloths; wash the wire gauzes of the air cleaners with Fuel oil. Install the engine and prepare it for operation. Crank over the engine through 2 or 3 revolutions by hand; remove the heater plugs to overcome the resistance due to compression. Hand-prime the fuel system. Start the engine and warm it up so that the temperature of the oil in the sump is 55 °С, maintaining a speed between 900 and 1500 rps. Stop the engine. On finishing with the above operations, the engine is regarded ready for service. The coat of rust preventer applied to the spares, tools and fixtures is to be removed immediately before putting said articles into use. Remove the coat of rust preventer with a fuel oil-soaked cloth and then wipe dry with a clean cloth. All the nozzle bodies, plunger-and-barrel assemblies and valve assemblies are to be washed in clean fuel oil. Store the boxes with the spares for an engine which is in service in a separate room (i.e., not in the engine room) at a temperature between 5 and 30 °С or otherwise the coat of rust preventer may melt down and become dry.