Hydrolastic

Hydrolastic is a type of space-efficient automotive suspension system used in many cars produced by British Motor Corporation (BMC) and its successor companies. Invented by famous British rubber engineer Alex Moulton, and first used on the 1962 BMC project ADO16 under designer Alec Issigonis (of Mini fame), later to be launched as the Morris 1100. Description The system replaces the separate springs and dampers of a conventional suspension...

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Electronic Air Suspension

Electronic Controlled Air Suspension is the name of the air suspension system installed on the Range Rover P38A, the 1995 second-generation Range Rover. It was developed in the early 1990s by the company now known as Dunlop Systems and Components Ltd in Coventry, UK. Overview The ECAS provides variable-height suspension for on- and off-road applications. The five...

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Hydropneumatic suspension

Hydropneumatic suspension is a type of motor vehicle suspension system, designed by Paul Magès, invented by Citroën, and fitted to Citroën cars, as well as being used under licence by other car manufacturers, notably Rolls-Royce (Silver Shadow), Maserati (Quattroporte II) and Peugeot. It was also used on Berliet trucks and has more recently been used on Mercedes-Benz cars, where it is known as Active Body Control. Similar...

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Self-levelling suspension

Self-levelling refers to an automobile suspension system that maintains a constant ride height of the vehicle above the road, regardless of load. Purpose Nose up, tail down attitude of vehicle without self-levelling suspension Many vehicle systems on a conventional vehicle are negatively affected by the change in attitude coming from changes in load - specifically a heavy load in...

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Air suspension

Air suspension is a type of vehicle suspension powered by an electric or engine-driven air pump or compressor. This compressor pumps the air into a flexible bellows, usually made from textile-reinforced rubber. The air pressure inflates the bellows, and raises the chassis from the axle. Overview Pneumatic spring on a semitrailer Air suspension is used in place of...

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Suspension lift

A suspension lift is a modification to a vehicle to raise the ride height. It is usually done for the practical purpose of improving the off road performance of SUVs or trucks and other off-road vehicles, or for cosmetic purposes. Suspension lifts can enable steeper approach, departure, and breakover angles, higher ground clearance, and helps accommodate larger wheels and tires....

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Leaf spring

A leaf spring is a simple form of spring commonly used for the suspension in wheeled vehicles. Originally called a laminated or carriage spring, and sometimes referred to as a semi-elliptical spring or cart spring, it is one of the oldest forms of springing, appearing on carriages in England after 1750 and from there migrating to France and Germany.   A traditional semi-elliptical Hotchkiss leaf spring arrangement....

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